Constructivism is a Learning Theory suggesting that humans construct knowledge and meaning from their experiences. Constructivism states that learning is an active, contextualized process of constructing knowledge rather than acquiring it. Knowledge is constructed based on personal experiences and hypotheses of the environment. Learners continuously test these hypotheses through social negotiation.
Each person has a different interpretation and construction of knowledge process. Hence, no two Learners are same. The consequences of this are:
Principles of learning based on Constructivism are
- The focus shifts to the Learner rather than the Lesson or Subject being taught.
- No knowledge is independent of the meaning attributed to experience (constructed) by the learner.
- Learning is an active process. Learning is not the passive acceptance of knowledge which exists "out there" but that
learning involves the learner in engaging with the world.
- People learn to learn as they learn.
- The crucial action of constructing meaning is mental. This gets coupled with learning to do which becomes reflective activity.
- Learning involves language.
- Learning is a social activity.
- Learning is contextual.
- One needs knowledge to learn: it is not possible to assimilate new knowledge without having some structure developed
from previous knowledge to build on.
- It takes time to learn.
- Motivation is a key component in learning. The key is to know "the reasons why".
- We at Indus use authentic tasks, experiences, settings and assessments to construct knowledge at every stage of learning.
Indus encourages discovery, hands-on, experiential, collaborative, project-based, and task-based learning.